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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

Pichardo's Treatise on the Limits of Louisiana and Texas. An
Argumentative Historical Treatise with Reference to the
Verification of the True Limits of the Provinces of Louis-
iana and Texas; Written by Father Jose Antonio Pichardo
. . . to Disprove the Claim of the United States that
Texas Was Included in the Louisiana Purchase of 1808.
Published for the first time from a transcript of the orig-
inal manuscript in the Mexican Archives; translated into
English by Charles Wilson Hackett, Ph. D., and Charmion
Claire Shelby, M. A., and annotated by Charles Wilson
Hackett, Ph. D., Professor of Latin-American History in
the University of Texas. (Austin: The University of
Texas Press. 1934. Volume II. Pp. xv, 618.)
The long title page of this book tells the story about as well
as it can be briefly told. Pichardo was the second of two scho-
larly priests appointed to compile evidence combating the claim
of the United States to Texas through the Louisiana Purchase.
The first was Father Melchor de Talamantes, who did little more
than formulate a plan of procedure before becoming involved in
a nationalist political movement and being deposed. Pichardo
was chosen to carry on the task. He worked from October, 1808,
to the beginning of 1812. He compiled a truly stupendous mass
of material, digested it, and made a report of some two million
words in which he incorporated the substance of all that he had
collected. Pichardo's Treatise is, therefore, a library of source
materials on Spanish explorations and missionary settlements in
Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Oklahoma, and Kansas.
Volume I of Professor Hackett's translation is concerned
largely with Spanish and French rivalry along the Atlantic and
Gulf coast. This volume is given wholly to the interior extend-
ing from the Mississippi River to the Colorado of the West.
Chiefly, however, it deals with the Plains country of New Mex-
ico, Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas, describing the Spanish ex-
plorations, the geography of the region, and the Indian tribes
who occupied it.
Professor Hackett brought to the labor of translating and edit-
ing Pichardo's Treatise an exhaustive knowledge of Spanish ac-
tivities in the Southwest, and his work is a model of erudition


Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed May 5, 2016.

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