The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936

Bookc Reviews and Notices

BOOK REVIEWS AND NOTICES
Diplomatic Correspondence of the United States: Inter-American
Affairs, 1831-1860. Selected and arranged by William R.
Manning, Ph. D., Division of Latin-American Affairs,
Department of State. Volume III, Central America, 1831-
1850, Documents 723-995; Volume IV, Central America,
1851-1860, Documents 996-1578; Volume V, Chile and
Colombia, Documents 1579-2109d. (Washington: Carnegie
Endowment for International Peace, Volume III, 1933,
pp. xxv, 561, $5.00; Volume IV, 1934, pp. 45, 993, $5.00;
Volume V, 1935, pp. xl, 1015, $5.00.)
The series of which the above-named volumes are a part is
described in this writer's review of the first two published vol-
umes of the series (see the Southwestern Historical Quarterl@y
Vol. XXXVII, pp. 226-228).
At the beginning of the period to which the documents in
this series relate the Repdblica Federal de Centro-America, which
had been established in 1824, was functioning. But disruptive
forces were operating, despite the heroic efforts of Francisco
Morazan of Honduras and the liberal and federalist groups to
check them; and by 1839 the federal pact of 1824 was completely
broken and repudiated. From the ruins of the Repdblica Federal
five independent states emerged, although the agitation for a res-
toration of the federal union continued until the unionists were
defeated in 1851 and 1853 by the conservatives under General
Carrera of Guatemala.
In the long struggle between the unionist and non-unionist
forces the sympathy of the United States was with the first named
group. Accordingly, after the repudiation of the federal pact the
United States anomalously continued for a decade to regard
Guatemala as an integral part of the old union and to maintain
a diplomatic representative there who was accredited to Central
America. Only grudgingly did the United States between 1849
and 1853 recognize Nicaragua, Honduras, Costa Rica and El
Salvador as independent republics. Even then diplomatic rela-
tions with those countries were not regularly established, the
United States often being represented in two or more of them
by a single diplomatic agent. Indeed, it is interesting that until
1852 the highest titles held by diplomatic representatives of the

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101095/. Accessed April 1, 2015.