Southwestern Historical Quarterly
horse, and donkey, immensely valuable here for their manure,
which made possible the cultivation of some parts of the Sierra.
In connection with this let us state that cooperative work, so much
developed among Mexican Indians, is particularly evident here.
Any one who is undertaking something of importance can get the
help of his neighbors who find their reward in a tesqilino (corn
The authors name thirty-seven former cultural traits which
have disappeared, among them the use of stone or obsidian for
the making of tools, skin clothing, tattooing (now unimportant),
the war complex, etc. Sixty-six have persisted, a few of which
are corn-bean-squash agriculture, pottery, simplified couvade,
licensed promiscuity, some relationship terms, extreme individual
ownership, etc. Ten have deteriorated, mostly with regard to the
old religion, sorcery, the use of the peyote, the abandonment of
Indian names (although keeping the rancheria family name).
Twelve important ones are of foreign introduction, of which several
have to do with religion, costume, steel tools, the use of cotton
and wool (instead of the old pita, or agave fiber), etc. Fifteen
are combinations of old and new ones, being mostly connected
with religion, government, agricultural methods, etc.
The Tarahumara culture belongs to the Sonoran-Uto-Aztecan
tribal group, which extends from South Arizona to Jalisco. It
was apparently not an active center of cultural dissemination. A
detailed tabular distribution of cultural traits in the different
sections of this tribal group is given at the end of the work.
GEORGE C. ENGERRAND.
Old Rough and Ready on the Rio Grande. By Florence Johnson
Scott. (San Antonio: The Naylor Company, 1935. Pp.
xiii, 128. Illustrations. $ .... )
In addition to the essay which gives title to the whole volume,
this book embraces "The Mier Expedition" of 1842 into the valley
of the Rio Grande, and "The Last Battle of the Civil War"
which was fought near Brownsville, Texas, six weeks after Lee's
surrender at Appomattox. In selecting her material, the author
has sampled the official records, contemporary published works,
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101095/. Accessed April 19, 2014.