The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936

THE
SOUTHWESTERN HISTORICAL
QUARTERLY
VOL. XXXIX OCTOBER, 1935 No. 2
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibility for views expressed
by contributors to TH QUARTERLY
THE EARLIEST PRINTING AND FIRST NEWSPAPER
IN TEXAS*
IKE H. MOORE
The University of Texas
The printing press was first used to describe Texas in 1542, when
Cabeza de Vaca's Relaci6n was published in Zamora, Spain,' but
more than two hundred and seventy years passed before a press was
actually in operation upon Texas soil. On the far-flung, sparsely
populated frontier of New Spain there was little need to duplicate
documents in large numbers, and the more important news was
passed from one settlement to another to be posted on the church
door or read aloud by the town crier. When the press finally did
reach the Internal Provinces, it came to destroy rather than to
sustain the Spanish regime.
Even though printing came to Texas comparatively late, the
time and manner of its coming are still matters of dispute. So
restricted was the circulation of the early printing and so turbu-
lent were the times that it is not surprising that not a single
product of the first three presses in Texas has yet been found.
Despite the lack of actual imprints from these presses, two of
them have been accepted by historians and bibliographers without
question: the Manifiesto of the Mexican revolutionist General
*Revised from a paper read at the thirty-eighth annual meeting of the
Texas State Historical Association. The University of Texas, May 3,
1935.
'The .somewhat complicated bibliographical problem of the first Texas
book is discussed in H. R. Wagner, The Spanish Southwest, 1542-1794
(Berkeley, 1924), 1-11.

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101095/. Accessed July 23, 2014.