The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 40, July 1936 - April, 1937

Analysis of Work of General Council, 1885-1886

ANALYSIS OF THE WORK OF THE GENERAL COUNCIL,
PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT OF TEXAS, 1835-1836
RALPH W. TEEN
CREATION OF THE PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT
As a result of the Louisiana purchase the United States became
a neighbor of Texas in 1803, and within a short time many
Americans developed a keen interest in this vast and largely
unoccupied region claimed by Spain. In 1820, the results of a
panic combined with the frugal land policy of the United States
in causing Moses Austin to apply to the Spanish authorities for
permission to plant a colony in Texas. Before the dream could
become a reality Moses Austin was dead, and Spanish rule in
Texas had been supplanted by that of an independent Mexico.
In 1821 the first group of Anglo-American settlers came to Texas
under the leadership of Stephen F. Austin. Others followed, and
within a few years the Anglo-Americans--or Texans-had trans-
formed much of the wilderness of eastern and southeastern Texas
into relatively prosperous communities. The relations existing
between Texans and Mexicans were never entirely cordial. Behind
each race were centuries of political tradition so different as to
make complete understanding impossible. It is not surprising,
therefore, to find the Texans resorting to arms in 1835. In that
year the Texans were excited by military encounters with Mexican
forces and incensed over existing political conditions; under these
circumstances there was called together the Consultation, a body
of representatives chosen by the people to determine the policy
to be pursued with relation to strife-ridden Mexico.
The Consultation convened at San Felipe de Austin, October 16,
1835, but for lack of a quorum it was forced to adjourn until
November 1. Several members were serving in the Volunteer
Army, and it was not until November 3, that a quorum was
present.' The scope of this paper is not such as to include a
thorough study of the proceedings of the Consultation, but some
of its acts were so closely related to the General Council as to
demand attention. The members of the council were chosen from
1H. P. N. Gammel, The Laws of Temas (Austin, 1898), 1, 512, 513.

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 40, July 1936 - April, 1937. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101099/. Accessed December 27, 2014.