Southwestern Historical Quarterly
THE BUILDERS OF SAN XAVIER DEL BAC
For the story of Franciscan missions in Pimeria Alta (southern
Arizona and northernmost Sonora), following the expulsion of
the Jesuits from that territory in 1767, Bancroft mentions as
sources, besides the Cr6nica of Father Arricivita,' the report of
Father Antonio de los Reyes in 17722 as "a leading authority for
developments of the period," and also the viceroy's report of 17933
which "was founded largely on one of Bishop Reyes in 1784,
Bishop Reyes's report of 1784, however, is extant in the Archivo
General of Mexico City ; and, what is of greater importance, there
are in the same archives several writings, more authoritative than
those mentioned, from the pen of Father Francisco Antonio Bar-
1Juan Domingo Arricivita, Or6nica Serdfico y Apost6lica del Colegio de
Propaganda Fide de Santa Cruz de Querdtaro en la Nueva Espaia (Mexico:
Don Felipe de Zfifiga y Ontiveros, 1792). Chapters XIII-XXI, of Libro
Teroero and I-XXI of Libro Quarto relate to the Franciscans in Sonora.
2Bancroft (vide note 4) refers to this report as printed in Doe. Hist.
Mew., 3rd ser., pt. IV, pp. 724-765, and also to a manuscript copy. Use has
been made of a copy (belonging to the Bancroft Library, University of Cali-
fornia) of the manuscript in the Archivo General of Mexico City, Historia,
Tomo 16, fol. 98-130v; it is entitled: Noticia del Estado actual de las Mis-
iones que en la Governacion de Sonora administran los PP. del Colegio de
Propaganda fide de la Santa Cruz de Quer6taro. It speaks also of missions
in Pimerfa Baja, because at this time the college of Queretaro had missions
in both parts of Pimeria.
3Cited by Bancroft simply as "Revilla Gigedo, Carta de 1793" on p. 375,
n. 3, and as "Revilla Gigedo (Virey), Carta de 27 Die., 1793, in Dice.
Univ., v. 426, also Ms." on p. XXXV. It will be found printed in Otto
Maas, Las Ordenes Religiosas de Espa a y la Colonizaci6n de Ambrica en
la segunda parte del siglo XVIII, II (Barcelona: Artes Graficas Belart,
1929), pp. 103-192. It is a long report, but discusses all the missions in
New Spain; and hence what is said of Sonora is necessarily of a summary
nature. Maas's copy is from the Archivo General de Indias, and the date
at the end of the report is Dec., 30 (not 27), 1793.
4Hubert Howe Bancroft, History of Arizona and New Mexico, 1580-1888
(Works, XVII. San Francisco: The History Company, 1889), p. 377.
sYnforme General que de Orden del Rey con fecha en el Pardo en 31. de
Enero de 1784, comunicada por el Exmo. Senor D.n Josef de Galvez, ha,
remitido A S.M. por duplicado el Yllmo. Sefor Obispo de Sonora. Archivo
General, Mexico City, Misiones, Tomo 14, fol. 202-231v. Copy in Bancroft
Library, University of California. The diocese of Sonora, comprising Sina-
loa, Sonora, and both Californias, was founded in 1779. Father Antonio
de los Reyes was named its first bishop; and he took possession of the see
on December 11, 1732, establishing its first seat at Arispe.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 41, July 1937 - April, 1938. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101103/. Accessed July 29, 2014.