Southwestern Historical Quarterly
THE MEZQUTA DIARY OF THE ALARCON EXPEDITION
INTO TEXAS, 1718
The Mezquia diary is one of two known diaries of the expedition
of Martin de Alarc6n, which was sent in 1718-1719 to establish a
settlement on the San Antonio River and to carry supplies to
the mission settlements of East Texas. The other diary, that of
the chaplain of the expedition, has been published by The Quivira
Society.' It follows the activities of Alarc6n to February 10, 1719,
whereas the present diary stops with June 22, 1718, the day on
which Alarc6n returned to the Rio Grande settlements for supplies
before beginning his long journey to East Texas from San Antonio,
which he had founded on May 5 of the same year.
This translation was made from a transcript copy in the Library
of Congress, the copy having been made from an original in the
archives of the Franciscan college of Santa Cruz de Queretaro
prior to the conversion of that college into a military barracks
and the subsequent loss of the archives. The essential data in
the two diaries, with very few exceptions, is almost exactly alike,
and a day by day comparison is interesting.
TRAVEL-DIARY THAT WAS MADE WITH DUE LEGALITY ON THE
EXPEDITION THAT GENERAL DON MARTIN DE ALARCON
MADE INTO THE PROVINCE OF TEXAS
On the 16th of February, of the year 1718, the expedition crossed
the Rio Grande del Norte.2 It is composed of seventy-two persons,
including three religious, six soldiers with their families, muleteers,
and servants of the governor." Likewise there are six droves of
mules laden with supplies, cattle, sheep, and goats, chickens, and
IFritz Leo Hoffmann, Diary of the Alarcen Expedition into Texas, 1718-
1719, by Fray Francisco de OC6iz. Los Angeles, 1935.
2The expedition crossed near present Guerrero, Coahuila, about thirty
miles downstream from present Eagle Pass, Texas.
3Reference is to Martin de Alarc6n, governor of Texas and leader of the
expedition. For an account of his earlier life see Hoffmann, Diary of the
Alare6n Expedition, 19-23.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 41, July 1937 - April, 1938. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101103/. Accessed March 28, 2015.