The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 41, July 1937 - April, 1938

Book Reviews

tion of the type of colonial government which Delaware had after
1701-proprietary or royal.
To be sure, Professor Andrews must have had the purpose also
of showing that after 1660 England adopted "a clear-cut colonial
policy of oversight and administration," and that the develop-
ment of this policy made it desirable to change as many of the
proprieties as possible into royal colonies. The Western Design,
which was "an attempt at the unification of England's colonial
possessions for religious and financial purposes into one homo-
geneous whole," started under Cromwell in the hope of setting up
"a Protestant power on the ruins of Spanish towns" to check
Spanish influence and Catholicism in the Caribbean. The con-
quest of Jamaica occurred "at a critical time in the shaping of
England's [colonial] policy" and led to the conquest of New
Netherland by a fairly well-linked chain of circumstances and
desires. As one reads one cannot escape the observation that the
narrative shows the strengthening of the new policy and delineates
the interplay of forces and factors that led to the organization of
royal governments in four of the colonies.
R. L. BIESELE.
The University of Texas.
Presidential Politics in the United States, 1841-1844. By Oscar
Doane Lambert. (Durham: Duke University Press, 1936.
Pp. ix, 220. $3.00.)
This monograph belongs to the modest but useful class which
seeks to make its contribution through a clarification of the details
of an episode whose general outlines are already definitely estab-
lished. As such, it is essentially the story of the campaign to
prevent the renomination of Van Buren in 1844. Calhoun is cast
in the traditional role of villain, using Tyler first to rob the Whigs
of the fruits of their 1840 victory and then as a stalking-horse
against Van Buren. The hypothesis that Wise and the Virginia
clique were deliberately sacrificing the Whig party and their per-
sonal friend Tyler to the ambition of Calhoun is hardly tenable.
However, it was intimated in contemporary Whig editorials and
finds circumstantial basis in Duff Green's presence at the White
House. In such cases the critical reader must necessarily base his

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 41, July 1937 - April, 1938. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101103/. Accessed November 22, 2014.