Southwestern Historical Quarterly
that, to suggest that if the United States remained silent on the
Venezuelan boundary dispute, all South America might become
the victim of European aggression was "an idea so far fantastic
that no rhetoric could invest it with verisimilitude." In another
place he refers to the time when Olney "fired his twenty-inch
gun." The present reviewer never agreed with everything that
Cleveland and Olney said on this occasion, but it does seem that
their opinions deserve dispassionate consideration. His treatment
of the story of how Roosevelt was reputed to have forced the Kaiser
to arbitrate the claims against Venezuela is more reserved.
After all, the Monroe "Doctrine" was only a policy-that of
safeguarding the "peace and safety" of the United States. It is
no wonder, then, that its application has been different at different
times under different presidents.
A more or less common grammatical mistake occurs on page
255-"None of these men were"-.
DAVID Y. THIoMAS.
University of Arkansas.
A Continent Lost-A Civilization Won. Indian Land Tenure in
America. By J. P. Kinney. (Baltimore: The Johns Hop-
kins Press, 1937. Pp. xv, 366. $4.00.)
Mr. Kinney, who writes after wide reading and years of expe-
rience in the Indian service, takes his main title from the last
sentence of his book: "The American Indian has lost a continent
but has won a civilization." In the light of his own thesis the
title does not appear to be justified. The Indians have lost a
continent, but a majority of them have not adopted the Euro-
American civilization. The writer quotes figures from the Indian
service showing that between 1873 and 1934 the general govern-
ment spent on Indians at least $600,000,000, only a little more
than ten per cent of which came from tribal funds. The spending
continues and all indications are that it must go on indefinitely.
More accurate is the author's sub-title, Indian Land Tenure in
America. This may be amplified by quoting a part of the intro-
ductory sentence of Chapter VIII: ". . . The legislative and
administrative record of three hundred years regarding the status
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101107/. Accessed April 19, 2015.