which kept the people stirred up for many years, was finally
brought to an end in 1846 through the good offices and mediation
of the federal government under President Polk.
The period from 1846 to 1861 as a whole was characterized by
great advancement in the Cherokee Nation but it seems certain
that progress was retarded by the feuds and factions and by the
fact that it was impossible to avoid becoming involved more or
less in the growing controversy between the North and the South.
Many of the Cherokees owned slaves and by the time of the
removal of the tribe the slavery issue was becoming paramount
in American politics. Secret societies were organized for and
against slavery and by the winter of 1860 most of the men of the
Cherokee nation were enrolled in one or the other of the rival
societies. It is interesting to note that the old tribal factions
aligned against each other on a new issue. The slaveholders looked
to Stand Watie for leadership and the group favoring abolition
rallied around John Ross.
The story of reconstruction among all the Five Civilized Tribes
is a record of almost phenomenal recovery in the face of most
devastating odds. Within less than ten years the Cherokees were
united and enjoying relative prosperity.
We can not help but admire the Indian statesmen of the Five
Civilized Tribes whose efforts preserved their little states or nations
for over seventy-five years against almost every conceivable diffi-
culty which could be contrived by the avid white man. Dr. Wardell
has told of the efforts of one such body of statesmen in this excel-
lently written political history of the Cherokee Nation.
The University of Texas.
William G. Brownlow: Fighting Parson of the Southern Highlands.
By E. Merton Coulter. (Chapel Hill: The University of
North Carolina Press, 1937. Pp. xiii, 432. Illustrations.
"Parson" Brownlow, as he was generally called, seems to have
been one of those pathological cases who sometimes become impor-
tant public figures. Preacher, editor, agitator, Governor and despot
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101107/. Accessed December 20, 2013.