The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939

THE
SOUTHWESTERN HISTORICAL
QUARTERLY
VOL. XLII APRIL, 1939 No. 4
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibility for views expressed
by contributors to THE QUARTERLY
THE GRANGE MOVEMENT IN TEXAS, 1873-1900
R. A. Baird, a deputy of the National Grange, appeared in
Texas in 1873 and on July 5 organized the first subordinate
Grange in the state at Salado, Bell County.' Oliver H. Kelley, a
clerk in the bureau of agriculture, had organized with the assist-
ance of several other government employees the National Grange or
Order of Patrons of Husbandry in Washington in 1868. This
secret organization rapidly spread westward, acquiring a member-
ship of approximately 75,000 within a few years. Its object was
to obtain for agricultural people a happier home life, more social
intercourse, and the advantages of co-operative dealing in busi-
ness. The movement became so popular in Texas that Baird con-
vened representatives from the subordinate Granges at Dallas in
October, 1873, to assist in organizing the Texas State Grange.
The representatives chose as Worthy Master J. B. Johnson of
Freestone County, and as Worthy Overseer William W. Lang of
Grayson County. The Worthy Master was empowered to appoint
state deputies with the authority to organize subordinate Granges
anywhere in the state and in the Indian Territory which was
under the jurisdiction of the Texas Grange.2 The first regular
meeting of the new state organization was held at Austin, April
14-15, 1874, with 121 delegates present. Johnson having resigned,
Acting-Master Lang in his annual speech called upon his rustic
1"Patrons of Husbandry. Texas. Salado Grange Minutes," I, 1-2, in
the Archives of The University of Texas.
2Minutes of the Tecas State Grange, of the Patrons of Husbandry, 1878,
pp. 1-2. This source will be referred to hereafter as Proceedings of Temas
State Grange.

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101107/. Accessed November 24, 2014.