by Cleveland detract from the otherwise scholarly character of the
work. The style is clear, but it is marred by rather too much,
and occasionally awkwardly introduced, quoted matter, by the
failure in some cases to present little known characters by the full
name or initials, and still less, by "mistering" the deceased. James
W. Throckmorton will never need another biographer.
OTTIs CLARK SKIPPER.
The Colonial Period of American History. Vol. IV. England's
Commercial and Colonial Policy. By Charles M. Andrews.
(New Haven: Yale University Press, 1938. Pp. xi, 477.
This, the fourth volume of Professor Andrews' great work on
the colonial period of American history, completes the series.
The first three volumes presented the history of the settlements;
this last volume is a careful and extensive analysis of England's
commercial and colonial policy. The treatment is sound and, as
the earlier volumes, based on comprehensive research. To have
had the time, opportunity, patience, and endurance must indeed
be a source of great personal satisfaction to Professor Andrews,
while the reward for the effort must come from the quality of
thoroughness and finality of this study.
In the opening chapter the discussion centers upon the be-
ginnings of England's commercial policy and explains the basic
principles on which this policy rested. The second chapter on the
Dutch rivalry serves as the background to explain the inauguration
of the system. In the third chapter Professor Andrews shows how
the system became defined. The fourth chapter deals with the
enumerated articles, while the fifth relates the completion of the
system in the years from 1663 to 1673. To lay down the system
was one thing, to enforce it was another, which is the burden of
the sixth chapter. The next two chapters deal, respectively, with
the customs service and the vice-admiralty courts. In the ninth
chapter Professor Andrews discusses the origin and work of the
Board of Trade, which was set up in 1696 as the Lords Commis-
sioners of Trade and Plantations from members of the Privy
Council. The tenth chapter is a historical treatise of mercantilism
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101107/. Accessed December 19, 2014.