Southwestern Historical Quarterly
he founded and promoted the Farmers' Cooperative Demonstra-
tion Work in Texas, from where it spread, under his direction,
over the entire South from 1904 to 1911, the year of his death.
His son, Dr. Bradford A. Knapp, was, until his recent death,
president of Texas Technological College at Lubbock.
Cline's careful study lies in the social and educational field.
Divided into five chapters it delineates Knapp's work and shows
this man to have lived a long and useful life in the service of his
fellow man. Knapp's greatest interest seems to have been to
improve the conditions under which the farmer, particularly the
Southern farmer, worked and lived. Knapp was "seventh in line
of descent from Nicholas Knapp," who came to Massachusetts
Bay Colony in 1630, and thus had an honorable heritage. Cline
deservedly writes of Knapp: "His life and work reflected credit
upon that heritage and significantly enriched it for succeeding
R. L. BIESELE.
The University of Texas.
Norwegian Settlement in the United States. By Carlton C. Qualey.
(Northfield, Minn.: Norwegian-American Historical Asso-
ciation, 1938. Pp. 285.)
Carlton C. Qualey's Norwegian Settlement in the United States
is a brief outline of the westward migration of Norwegian immi-
grants. The subject is too large and unwieldy for one short
volume, and the author has not been able to delve deeply into
the causes of the westward movement. Though the influence of
"America letters," Norwegian-American newspapers, as well as
the activities of railroad companies, land companies, counties, and
states are discussed in several chapters, the author has not suc-
ceeded in giving a picture of the intensive rivalries existing be-
tween these agencies seeking to attract settlers.
The largest number of Norwegian immigrants is to be found
in Minnesota, Wisconsin, and the Dakotas. Many Norwegians
have settled in Michigan, especially during the last few decades.
In a chapter entitled "Islands," Qualey describes various isolated
or scattered Norwegian settlements in the United States. In this
chapter the State of Texas is given approximately eight pages
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101107/. Accessed May 24, 2015.