VOL. XLII JULY, 1938 No. 1
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THE ORIGIN OF GENERAL MINA'S INVASION OF
MINA AS A GUERRILLA LEADER AND REFUGEE
Guerrilla warfare in Spain was an important factor in de-
veloping the "Spanish ulcer" which played no inconsiderable
part in the downfall of Napoleon. Two of the greatest leaders
in this irregular warfare were Don Francisco Xavier Mina and
his uncle, General Espoz y Mina. The younger Mina was born
in Idocin, Navarre, on December 3, 1789. He was a student
in the University of Zaragoza in 1808 and took up arms against
the French invaders shortly after the famous Dos de Mayo. Many
deeds of valor, and daring were attributed to him, both as a vol-
unteer soldier and as a spy among the French. The Central Junta
of Seville gave him a command in Navarre in recognition of his
services, and the Aragonese Junta appointed him as commanding
general of Upper Aragon.' In this region General Mina made
life miserable for his French enemies.
IFrancisco de Paula de Arrangoiz, Mjico desde 1808 hasta 1867 (Madrid
1871-1872), I, 343-45; Enciclopedia Universal, XXXV, 488; William Davis
Robinson, Memoirs of the Mexican Revolution: Includsng a Narrative of
the Epedition of General Xavier Mina . . . (London, 1821), I, 75-83;
Hubert Howe Bancroft, History of Mexico (San Francisco, 1886), IV,
600, n.; "Boletin I de la Divisi6n Auxiliar de la Repfiblica Mexicana,"
encl. in Fatio to Cienfuegos, New Orleans, June 14, 1817, Archivo General
de Indias, Papeles Procedentes de Cuba, leg. 1900. Hereafter cited as
Mina, "Boletfn," AGI PC. The first part of this "Boletin" was largely
the work of Pedro Gual (Mier's Declaration, October 6, 1817, in Juan E.
Hernandez y Divalos, Colecci6n de Documentos para la Historia de la
Guerra de Independencia de Mexico de 1808 a 1821-Mexico, 1877-1882--
VI, 807. Hereafter cited as Hernandez, Documentos).
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101107/. Accessed December 28, 2014.