The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940

Book Reviews

BOOK REVIEWS
Nationalism and Reform in India. By William Roy Smith. (New
Haven: Yale University Press, 1938. Pp. vi, 485.)
The rapidly expanding literature on Indian nationalism attests
not only to the growing interest in the subject but also to its
increasing importance. It was in 1910 that Sir Valentine Chirol
first popularized it in his Indian Unrest. Since then hardly a year
has passed that some work deserving of attention has not been
published. British and American scholars and travelers have vied
with Indian pundits and politicians to explain the movement and
record its progress. F. B. Fisher (1919), C. H. Van Tyne (1923),
J. T. Gwynn (1924), H. W. Nevinson (1925), V. H. Rutherford
(1927), and C. M. Andrews (1930), as well as such representative
leaders of Indian thought as Naoroji, Banerjea, Lajpat Rai, Gandhi
and the Nehrus have kept us abreast of the times. But in none
of the many volumes which Indian nationalism has inspired has
the material been more carefully sifted, more effectively organized,
or more fairly presented than in the volume under review. Unfor-
tunately the author died before he could complete the task which
he had imposed upon himself, and the book was published posthu-
mously by the widow, Mrs. (Marion Parris) Smith, with the
chapter on the constitution of 1935 and the note on bibliography
in unfinished form.
William Roy Smith was a native Texan and a graduate of the
State University where he had majored in history. I-Ie received
the doctor's degree at Columbia in 1903 and became a member of
the faculty of Bryn Mawr College, with which institution he was
associated at the time of his death. The teaching of a course on
"British Imperialism" aroused in him the interest in India which
after "eighteen years of study and travel" bore fruit in the pub-
lication under review. The Smiths traveled extensively but always
for the purpose of collecting material for their Indian study. They
were in India in 1919-20 when Hindu and Moslem had tempo-
rarily suspended their age-old conflict to unite in a common chal-
lenge of British authority. They visited Amritsar a few months
after "the massacre" which did more to promote nationalism than
a thousand agitators. They were in London at the time of the

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/. Accessed April 23, 2014.