Book Reviews 261
only the viceroyalty of New Spain was permitted to buy and
consume the goods that were transported from the Orient via
Manila. The great wealth of Peru created, however, a market
for these goods which was not greatly neglected despite stringent
laws and severe penalties.
A short appendix treats of the development of the direct Philip-
pine trade with Spain via Africa and the organization of the
Royal Philippine Company for the purpose of such trade. An
extensive bibliography of unpublished sources found in the Archives
of the Indies in Seville and of printed works is given.
Here is a painstakingly written work-the result of twenty-seven
years of extensive research-by the foremost authority in this
field, with which no serious student of Spanish colonial history
and of her commercial policy can afford to be unacquainted. Parts
of this work have been printed previously in several historical pub-
lications, including the Southwestern Historical Quarterly, but
by far the greater part of it is now available to the reader for
the first time.
CHARLES GARLAND WHITWELL.
The University of Texas.
The Constitutional History of the United States, 1776-1826. By
Homer Carey Hockett. (New York: The Macmillan Com-
pany, 1939. Pp. xiv, 417. $3.00.)
The work here reviewed is the first of three proposed volumes,
each of which is to discuss fifty years of American constitutional
history. It carries a sub-title, The Blessings of Liberty, but gives
no indication what the sub-titles of the other volumes will be.
About one-fourth of the space in the book is devoted to a dis-
cussion of the period before the American Revolution under the
title, "The Evolution of a British Imperial Constitution," and
constitutes Part One. Six chapters comprise this part and form
a valuable commentary on the colonial period. The discussion of
Galloway's Plan of Union is well done.
Part Two, entitled "America Inherits the Imperial Problem,"
covers in five chapters the short but productive span from 1776
to 1789. The chapter, "Growth of Union," outlines the fore-
runners of the American constitution, and in its treatment dis-
cusses briefly the point that "the Albany Plan was the embryo
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/. Accessed March 4, 2015.