Green Flag Over Texas. By Julia Kathryn Garrett, Ph. D.
(New York and Dallas: The Cordova Press, Inc., 1939.
Pp. xv, 275. $2.50.)
Green Flag Over Texas, like a candle in an attic crowded with
treasured heirlooms, casts a flood of light into a hitherto seldom
explored recess of Texas history. That recess, the period of two
decades immediately preceding the coming of the Austin pioneers,
is revealed by the author for the general public in a manner
rarely used by historians, the result of painstaking research set
forth in a popular style.
It is evident that the author has done an excellent job of
exploring the various archives and depositories in North America
where material was available as a source for her work. A brief
study of the bibliography reveals the fact that the author trav-
eled from Washington, D. C., through Texas, to Mexico City,
and thence to California. In Washington many manuscript
sources, only recently made available elsewhere in photostat or
microfilm form, were carefully examined. In Texas, the Bexar
Archives, that priceless fountain of Texas history, yielded most
of the essential material used in the preparation of the book.
Likewise, in Mexico and California many unusual manuscripts
were examined, such as certain volumes of Historia and papers
in the private collection of Dr. Herbert E. Bolton.
Although this work, which consists of five divisions, deals
mainly with the years 1810-1813, the first division, as its title,
"Spain Struggles to Fortify Texas Against Invasion and Revo-
lution," implies, gives a good account of the forces which were
using the buffer province of Texas as their battleground. The
remaining four divisions, in a series of thirty-nine chapters,
develop the triumph and failure of the Mexican revolution in
Texas. The Casas rebellion, the Bexar counter-revolution, the
work of Bernardo GutiBrrez, advocate in the United States of
the incipient Mexican revolution, the invasion of Texas by the
republican army under Gutierrez and Magee, the establishment
of the first Texas independent state, and the disastrous defeat of
the republicans by Arredondo at Medina, together with its un-
savory aftermath, are set forth with a subjective approach. One
should not, however, reproach that attitude in the author, for
[ 400 ]
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/. Accessed April 21, 2014.