This effort was fruitless, and it seems that Congress did not at
any time seriously consider the creation of two states.
In 1906 the Enabling Act was passed and approved. A con-
stitutional convention was held and a constitution adopted by
an overwhelming vote of the people of both territories. On No-
vember 16, 1907, President Theodore Roosevelt issued a procla-
mation declaring that Oklahoma was a state. Thus one hundred
and four years after its acquisition by the United States it was
admitted into the Union. One-third of the Indians of the United
States participated as citizens in the organization of the state of
Oklahoma, the home of the red man, which has become in a
modified sense the Indian state.
Dean Gittinger's study, in reprint, is a timely contribution to
a growing list of state histories. The book is adequately indexed,
and a supplementary list of important publications issued in the
last twenty years brings the bibliography up to date. It is attrac-
tively printed and the University of Oklahoma Press is to be
congratulated on the format.
Edinburg Junior College.
The Pioneer Merchant in Mid-America. By Lewis E. Atherton.
Published as The University of Missouri Studies: A Quar-
terly of Research, Vol. XIV, No. 2. (Columbia: Univer-
sity of Missouri, 1939. Pp. 135.)
This work deals with pioneer storekeeping in the St. Louis
trade area from 1820 to 1860. In general the locale treated is
now included in Missouri, Illinois, and Iowa, but passing ref-
erences to the whole of the Mississippi Valley are made. The
topics treated as indicated by the chapter headings are: The
Pioneer Merchant, The Western Store, Wholesale Markets, and
Business Organization and Methods. The term "merchant" means
storekeeper to Dr. Atherton, for the Santa F6 trade is left out-
side the limits of the present work, although the title and subject
would seem almost to demand its inclusion.
Dr. Atherton's general pattern of the frontier store of Mid-
America from 1820 to 1860 is: Wholesale markets were distant;
transportation problems were many; merchandise was not highly
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/. Accessed March 10, 2014.