The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940

LETTERS AND DOCUMENTS

SPAIN'S INDIAN P'OLICy IN TEXAS
Translations from the Bexar Archives
By J. VILLARANA IHAGGARD
Some time ago Dr. Eugene C. Barker suggested to me that it
would be advisable to prepare for publication in the Quarterly a
series of translations of documents from the Bexar Archives deal-
ing with some phase of Texas history. He kindly left to me the
selection of the subject to be studied in such a series. After a
careful consideration of various subjects, in view of the fact that
the wild Indians of Texas and other sections of the Southwest
were an important factor in the opening of the west to so-called
European civilization, I decided to select and translate a series
of manuscripts from the Bexar Archives dealing primarily with
Spain's policy toward the North American Indians, with special
reference to the Apaches, Comanches, and the numerous confed-
erations of Texas tribes. Manuscripts are being selected because
of their general application to the problem of Indian relations,
and only occasionally because of their local interest. At times,
however, it has been deemed advisable to include manuscripts
which report isolated incidents. In such cases it has been my
intention to present reports of special significance, which, taken
as a group, were determining factors in the formulation of Spain's
policy towards the Indians.
Since these documents are to be selected from the collection of
manuscripts known as the B6xar Archives, it might be well at
this point to make a statement about the collection. The B6xar
Archives, officially known as the "Spanish Archives of Texas,"
were transferred in 1899 from San Antonio to The University of
Texas by action of the Bexar County Commissioners Court, under
provisions of a special contract. One of the conditions of the
contract stipulated that the B6xar Archives should be translated
and copies of the translations should be sent to San Antonio.
In order more fully to comply with this stipulation, in the fall
of 1934 the Board of Regents appointed a translator on a full-time
basis. I received the appointment, and have been engaged in this
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/. Accessed September 20, 2014.