The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940

Letters and Documents

their princes. Consequently an alliance with the Apaches would
serve as a cordon of armed garrisons to protect these dominions
along the northern line, from the Mississippi River (into which
the aforementioned Missouri and Caudaches River flow) to the
foothills of the New Mexico mountains. D [o]n Juan, as cap[tai]n
general of those conquered [territories], and by virtue of special
faculties that I have conferred upon him in the name of H [is]
M [ajesty], shall endeavor with the greatest diligence to reduce
and subdue (by the most efficient means advised by his diplomacy)
the numerous Apache and [other] wild tribes so as to establish
a perpetual and firm confederation with our [nation]. Inasmuch
as, in the pursuance of this order, positive information may be
acquired of the location and latitude where the Gran Quivira is
found, and if the time designated by Providence has arrived for
its settlers to be enlightened with the light of the Gospel, it may
be discovered and reduced to the Gospel and to the dominion
of II [is] M [ajesty], S [efi]or D [o]n Juan shall ascertain the
exact longitude and latitude where it is located; [he shall de-
termine] whether it is situated, as certain wild Indians have
reported, at the foot of a high mountain from the summit of
which the sea may be seen, and whether the inhabitants carry
on trade with the tribes living farther north, whether they trade
with them by way of the aforementioned sea, and whether this
sea is the Arctic, which runs through I-udson Bay and the
Christian Straits of New Denmark, and bathes the coast of this
continent (north of the lakes in which the Mississippi has its
source), and whether it flows, as it is believed, through the
[mountains] that border the southern edge of New Mexico and
Pimeria, separating this continent from California, and through
the Strait of Anian to the land of gypsum, which is inhabited
by the subjects of the emperor of Japan, and penetrated by the
Straits of Urias in the Kingdom of Yupi (one of the [kingdoms]
of Great Tartary). It is believed that these subjects of Japan
along the northern coast are those who trade with the inhabitants
of the Quivira. [lie should ascertain] whether these may be the
inhabitants of New Denmark, or other foreigners, and who they
are; if he cannot acquire complete information, we may at least
in part be able to learn or to acquire some light about them in
order that the proper steps may be taken in regard to the present


Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed June 1, 2015.