Southwestern Historical Quarterly
pendence--provided they did not form any relations with England.
This attitude changed to the opposite extreme with the Bourbon
restoration which committed France to the principle of legitimacy
and the revival of the "family compact" with Spain. Intervention
by France to restore Spanish authority in her colonies was only
prevented by lack of agreement within the Holy Alliance and by
the attitude of England.
From 1823 to 1828 French policy was further complicated by
the occupation of Spain by a French army to restore the authority
of Ferdinand VII. French statesmen found it difficult to fulfill
France's obligations to an absolutist Spanish ruler kept on his
throne by French troops and at the same time to advance French
commercial interests with de facto independent nations that were
officially, to Spain and France, still Spanish colonies.
This impasse was conveniently solved by the July revolution of
1830. The "family compact" was now broken and the Orleanist
monarch, Louis Philippe, himself king as a result of revolution,
could hardly refuse, on the principle of legitimacy, to recognize
the Spanish-American nations. Haiti had been recognized in
1825 and Brazil in 1826. Late in 1830 recognition in principle
of the former Spanish-American colonies was announced, and from
1840 to 1848 treaties were signed with most of them.
Professor Robertson has in this work contributed several new
viewpoints to the relations between European nations and Spanish
America. An example is his statement that by a treaty of 1701,
between France and Spain, the French company of Guinea was
given trading privileges with Spain's colonies in the Indies. Most
historians have claimed that the "Asiento" of 1713, giving Eng-
land trading privileges in Spanish America, was the first non-
Spanish trading which Spain ever legalized with her colonies.
The reviewer feels that the author, by elimination of repetitious
citations in the text, might have shortened his book to the reader's
advantage without lessening its value as a reference.
CHARLES GARLAND WHITWELL.
The University of Texas.
Ancient Andean Life. By Edgar L. Hewett. (Indianapolis:
The Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1939. Pp. xix, 336. $4.00.)
Ancient Andean Life is the last of a trilogy of volumes by
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/. Accessed March 31, 2015.