AlgeroH P. rThom pso
ANDREW FOREST MUIR
A LGERNON P. THOMPSON, jurist and litterateur, was born in
England' in 1818. In or previous to 1835 he removed to
the United States, for, on November 21, 1835, in New
York, he entered the army of the provisional government of
Texas and accepted a commission as second lieutenant. Thomp-
son, with others, under the command of Captain Edward H.
Stanley, left New York aboard the Matawamkeag. Near the Flor-
ida coast, the vessel was hailed by a British cruiser and taken to
Nassau, Bahama Islands, where the crew and passengers were
held prisoners for thirty days. Released, the ship continued its
journey and, after a delay at the mouth of the Mississippi, ar-
rived at Matagorda on March 1. There the company of which
Thompson was lieutenant claimed the privilege of electing its
own officers. Failing election, Thompson entered Captain Louis
P. Cook's company as a private. This company was ordered to
join Colonel James Fannin, but upon receipt of the news of
Fannin's surrender, Thompson obtained permission to proceed
to Houston's headquarters. Alone, he made his way from Mata-
gorda to Mill Creek, in the municipality of Austin, where he
overtook Houston's retreating army. Thompson was there as-
signed to Captain Robert J. Calder's company and remained in
it until April 20, when, "for the sake of uniformity of arms,"
he was transferred to Captain William S. Fisher's company, in
which he participated in the skirmish of April 20 and the Battle
of San Jacinto on the following day. After the battle he con-
tinued in Calder's company until September 30, 1836, when he
was furloughed.2 During the period of his service in the army,
Thompson received neither pay nor clothing, and by August he
was so nearly naked that he was obliged to seek relief from
1Liber Defunctorum, Ecclesia Sti. Vincenti a Paulo in Praesidio, Houston, Texas,
MS. in Pastor's Office, Annunciation Church, Houston, sub July 4, 1871. Courtesy
of the Reverend Anton J. Frank.
2Sam Houston Dixon and Louis Wiltz Kemp, The Heroes of San Jacinto (Hous-
ton, 1932), 262-266, based upon Pension Papers, MSS. in Archives, Texas State
Library, Austin, file A. P. Thompson, and Comptroller's Military Service Records,
MSS. in Archives, Texas State Library, file A. P. Thompson.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 51, July 1947 - April, 1948. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101119/. Accessed May 22, 2015.