not forcible immediate abolition by executive edict, not the blowing
of a utopian trumpet, but recognition of the rights of slaveholders,
caution in legal matters,. deference to the states, financial remunera-
tion to be borne by the United States government, and gradualism
reaching forward to the year 1900oo (pp. 89-90).
What the proclamation accomplished is summarized effectively
in a paragraph which ends with the sentence: "Lincoln issued
his proclamation and nothing happened" (p. ioo).
Professor Randall began his fourth lecture, "Design for Peace,"
with the following words: "Lincoln's design for peace is a painful
subject. The more one realizes how just and promising his plan
was, the more tragic does the subject become because of the
wrecking of the program by Congress" (p. 117). I have italicized
the four words in the preceding quotation because I believe the
lecturer emphasized them. Under Lincoln's plan of reconstruc-
tion the restored governments would have rested on the people;
under the Congressional plan these governments rested on the
vindictiveness of men of mean minds in the North and on the
desires of corrupt carpetbaggers. In the actual operation of Lin-
coln's plan his "greatest task was at home. The problem was
internal unity for an enlightened postwar regime" (p. 147)
The assassin's bullet removed the indispensable unifying power
that Lincoln could have wielded. "To remember Lincoln is to
remember his ideals" (p. 16o).
This book contains a lesson for present-day Americans. The
lesson will be clear to those who will read thoughtfully and with
open minds. Men and women of mature minds in all walks of
life-in all professions and in all occupations-should read this
RUDOLPH L. BIESELE
The University of Texas
Zachary Taylor. By Brainerd Dyer. Baton Rouge (Louisiana State
University Press), i946. Pp. viii+455. Illustrations, bibli-
ography, and index. $4.00.
Professor Dyer has done a commendable piece of work in
producing a well balanced biography of Zachary Taylor. Too
often the military career of "Old Rough and Ready" has been
allowed to overshadow his political activities. Certainly Taylor's
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 51, July 1947 - April, 1948. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101119/. Accessed July 14, 2014.