remarkable religious tolerance in Catholic Maryland where both
Protestants and Catholics shared the Catholic chapel and a jury
of fellow Catholics fined Thomas Gerrard in 1641 because he
attempted to expel the Protestants.
There are a few minor criticisms. His chapter on the Spanish
explorations is weakened by faulty proofreading; his chapter on
the Pilgrims loses by his surprising omission of George F. Willi-
son's Saints and Strangers. His assertion that there was no starv-
ing time in Massachusetts Bay Colony as there had been in Ply-
mouth and Virginia (p. 197) is debatable, and I wonder, too,
if the Pennsylvanians, Carolinians, and Georgians could not con-
sider themselves as frontiersmen.
To those of us who enjoy Colonial North American History
and do not necessarily agree with the widely-held theory that
American History begins after 1763, and that the years before
the Peace of Paris are primarily the concern of the European
historian, this new interest in American Colonial History is most
encouraging. The number of colonial studies in recent years
would fill a good-sized bookshelf. And the place of honor could
well be Coleman's The First Frontier.
ELMER WM. FLACCUS
The University of Texas
Rehearsal for Conflict. By Alfred Hoyt Bill. New York (Alfred
A. Knopf), 1947. Pp. xi+342. Bibliography, index, maps,
and illustrations. $4.50.
Alfred Hoyt Bill states in his preface that his purpose in writ-
ing this book is to acquaint general readers with a picturesque
and fateful period of American history that has been misrepre-
sented, misunderstood, and even neglected by all save the special
student. He does not fail to rehearse his own apt title as he tells
the story of the Mexican War as a singular preparation for the
greater War Between the States. In the first war almost all of the
officers who were to become famous between 186o and 1865
learned warring in Mexico, while in the United States political
factions and struggles over Oregon, over the Wilmot Proviso,
over abolition, and over fugitive slave laws contributed to the
crescendo of domestic controversies that culminated in secession.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101121/. Accessed January 29, 2015.