The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949

rChe back roHid ald DVedopmCHt
of FralmaH Cattle i Zexas
CHARLES SCHREINER, III
MORE than one-half of the cattle of the world have some
Brahman blood in their veins. In view of this, many
more persons on this earth should know something
about Brahman cattle in addition to the fact that the bulls of
the species are used in rodeos. Before dealing with Brahman
cattle in the United States and in Texas specifically, however, it
would be well to grasp a little knowledge of the climatic and
other conditions which have developed this hardy breed in India,
its native land.
Brahman cattle have been bred in India for over four thousand
years, at the least. No one knows the actual source of this species
of cattle, although various authorities have different opinions on
the subject.
Brahman cattle show more extreme characteristics in India than
in any other country. This fact has led to the contemporary
belief that they originally developed in India itself. From India
they have spread over most of Africa and Madagascar, across
Indo-China and Asia Minor, and in recent times (at least recent
times compared to the times in which they spread into Africa
during the conquests of the Greek Empire by the Persians), they
have been introduced into Brazil, the West Indies, Central Amer-
ica, and Mexico, and now are fast becoming one of America's
favorite breeds of beef cattle.
In general, the blood of the Brahman is found in almost every
tropical and sub-tropical country in the world. Brahman cattle
have not penetrated temperate Asia or Europe yet; nor have they
gone into the more mild and tick-free part of Brazil and the
regions south of it.
Several breeds or types of Brahman cattle have been developed
by the natives of India and also by nature itself. Large, muscular,
hardy types have been evolved for heavy hauling or what might
be classified as heavy oxen duty. These are largely the Guzerath,

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101121/. Accessed September 20, 2014.