THE SOUTHWESTERN HISTORICAL QUARTERLY
VOL. LII JULY, 1948 No. 1
AilratioH into East Ceras
BARNES F. LATHROP
A N unending flow of people from place to place within the
United States has been characteristic of American life.
Analysts of recent society find this flow worth careful
attention as intrinsically important and as germane to other
changes in community, region, or nation.' Historians see popu-
lation movement as a primary feature of westward expansion
and the rise of cities. In study of specific areas, knowledge of the
sources of population is not only interesting in itself, but also
necessary to an understanding of the basic cultural ingredients.
He who would explain behavior-speech and lore, food and
frolic, voting and worship, codes and values, building and farm-
ing-must know whence the people came.
Historical information on nineteenth century migration has
commonly been derived from contemporary reports and from
examples available in the known careers of individuals and
families. These sources are invaluable in description of all aspects
of migration. They are not, however, competent to the actual
measurement of migration; and examples, especially, are unbal-
anced by the rarity of biographical data on the plain people who
constituted the great majority of migrants. For measurement, the
*The author is grateful to the Rockefeller Committee of the Texas State His-
torical Association for a grant enabling him to complete this investigation.
1As examples, see the Report of the Study of Population Redistribution, Migra-
tion and Economic Opportunity (Philadelphia, 1936), by Carter Goodrich and
associates; Rupert B. Vance in collaboration with Nadia Danilevsky, All These
People (Chapel Hill, 1945), 109-139; Carl M. Rosenquist and W. G. Browder,
Family Mobility in Dallas, Texas, 1923-1938 [Austin, 1942], and Family Mobility
n Houston, Texas, 1922-1938 [Austin, 1942].
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101121/. Accessed September 20, 2014.