The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

in Paris, it should have been dated sometime in June or July,
1721, but not later than July 12.
DOCUMENT
[1716] Rapport au sujet du raid de Saint Denis contre l'establissement
espagnol de St Antoine N.S.o
Le Sr de St Denis gentil homme de Canada,1o grand voyageur dans
les terres de la Louisiane," Et homme fort aim6 et Estim6 des sauvages
voisins du Mexique,12 ayant ete arrtd plusieurs fois par les Espag-
nolsl3 qui lui ont fait souffrir toutes sortes de mauvais traitemens,
quoiqu'il Eut Epous6 la fille d'un de leurs capitaines d'Infanterie,4
a propose pour se vengtr d'Eux, d'aller avec le seul secours des
sauvages," Enlever leurs bestiaux Et 'chevaux,1" a un nouvel Etablisse-
ment, qu'ils forment t St Antoine,17 a quoi M. de Bienville com-
mandant de la Louisiane,18 Et le Sr de Lor mes directeur de cette
Colonies9 ait consenti ainsi qu'il paroit par leur lettre du 25 Avril
dr.,20 par laquelle Ils marquent que led. Sr -de St Denis Etait parti
'Nicholas Seigneur (?) or "Non Sign6."
loLouis de Saint Denis (1676-1744) was born in Canada and came to Louisiana
with Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville in January, 1700oo.
ilIn 1700 Saint Denis ascended the Mississippi as far as the Taensa Indians on
Lake St. Joseph. From here he explored the Red River with Bienville, the future
governor of Louisiana. He made numerous voyages to the Red River country and
founded in 1713 a trading post at Natchitoches.
12In 1714 and 1715 Saint Denis traded with the Asinai Indians, who lived in
Eastern Texas. In 1716 he served as guide and interpreter under Domingo Ramon
with the latter's expedition into Texas.
iaSaint Denis made two overland voyages to Mexico City. He was well treated
during his voyage of 1715, but in 1717 he was arrested and put in jail on the
accusation of smuggling. Released on bail, he fled from Mexico City, probably
in September, 1718.
14Early in 1716 he married Mafiuela SAnchez, granddaughter of Diego Ramon,
commander of the presidio San Juan Bautista, near present Eagle Pass, Texas.
15Over the Indians of Eastern Texas Saint Denis had great influence, which was
recognized by Spanish and French contemporaries.
16Louisiana lacked cattle and horses, but the Spaniards had a surplus.
17San Antonio was founded May 1, 1718.
18Bienville, a brother of Le Moyne d'Iberville, was nominated governor of
Louisiana September 2o, 1716.
19Delorme reached Louisiana September 22, 172o, and his directorship in the
Company of the Indies was revoked December 30o, 1722.
soApril 25, 1721. Mrs. Surrey has entered in her Calendar of Manuscripts (I, 372)
a letter by Bienville and Delorme to the Company of the Indies dated from Biloxi,
April 25, 1721. The summary of contents made by Mrs. Surrey of this letter does
not mention Saint Denis' raid and it is therefore not possible to ascertain whether
this is the letter referred to in the document without consulting this letter.

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101121/. Accessed September 2, 2014.