Southwestern Historical Quarterly
relations, rallied quickly behind the two men who represented
the popular concept of statesmen-Daniel Webster and Henry
Clay. To the good sense of both, and to their known patriotism,
the whole country looked for a sensible settlement of the crisis.
Out of their efforts came the Compromise of 1850.
But by 1857, the last year considered by Professor Nevins' sec-
ond volume, the cultural rupture between the two sections had
grown obvious and pressing. The South recognized the central-
izing tendencies of industrialization, and this was anathema to a
section cherishing "a hegemony, a loose confederacy, not a uni-
fied nation and a standardized civilization." (Volume II, p. 553.)
Gradually the idea arose in the southern states that they consti-
tuted a separate nation, and this idea grew. "Differences of
thought, taste, and ideals gravely accentuated the misunderstand-
ings caused by the basic economic and social differences; the
differences between a free labor system and a slave labor system,
between a semi-industrialized economy of high productiveness
and an agrarian economy of low productiveness." (Volume II,
Professor Nevins has traced the sharpening delineation of these
differences of cultural patterns with care and insight. Both vol-
umes live up to the author's usual careful standards and easy
literary style, and represent an excellent beginning for what
promises to be a fine series.
FRANK E. VANDIVER
The History and Present State of Virginia. By Robert Beverley.
Edited with an introduction by Louis B. Wright. Chapel Hill
(University of North Carolina Press), 1947. Pp. xxxv+366.
Written by Robert Beverley, described as "a Native and In-
habitant of the Place" on the title page of the original edition
of 1705, this book must have been quite a sensation in reading
circles and must, in my opinion, have been read by a considerable
number of people, first and last. Indeed, this reprint with its
twenty-five page introduction deserves to be read by a much
larger number of people than the original edition, and no doubt
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 53, July 1949 - April, 1950. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101126/. Accessed October 22, 2014.