(he Cl aim of exas to freer Couty
BERLIN B. CHAPMAN
pART I of this article traced the history of the Greer County
region from 1818 to 1884. During the two-thirds of a cen-
tury Texas acquired the rights held by Spain in 1819 to
lands drained by the upper waters of the Red River. Jones and
Brown, and Clark surveyed a line purported to be the one hun-
dredth meridian; Texas created the county of Greer and seriously
contended that the county was within the limits of Texas.
An act4" of January 31, 1885, authorized the President to detail
one or more officers of the army, who, in conjunction with such
person or persons as might be appointed by Texas, should ascer-
tain and mark the point where the one hundredth meridian of
longitude crosses Red River in accordance with the terms of the
treaty of 1819. The person or persons appointed by virtue of the
act should make report of his or their action in the premises to
the secretary of the interior, who should transmit the same to
Congress at the next session thereof after such report might be
made, for action by Congress. This was the second and last act
passed by Congress for the purpose of establishing the eastern
boundary of the Texas Panhandle by compromise with Texas.
In accordance with the act, President Grover Cleveland on Sep-
tember 23 appointed W. R. Livermore, Thomas L. Casey, and
Lansing H. Beach as a commission to act in conjunction with
such persons as had been appointed by Texas to ascertain and
mark the point where the one hundredth meridian crosses the
Red River.'7 On October 24 S. M. Mansfield was appointed a
member of the commission.48
On the commission representing Texas were T. J. Brecken-
ridge, W. S. Henderson, G. R. Freeman, and W. H. Burges. The
commissioners met as one commission on February 23, 1886, and
4623 Statutes, XXIII, 296.
47Messages and Papers of the Presidents, VIII, 317.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 53, July 1949 - April, 1950. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101126/. Accessed July 12, 2014.