became "tipsy and pugnacious." A violent quarrel ensued which
only their much respected Captain Shackleford could quiet.
Shortly thereafter, Doctor Barnard made this observation: "A
Texas Norther gives one no time to indulge in pleasurable senti-
The author has inserted many historical and biographical foot-
notes. These footnotes are of necessity brief, but they are of
assistance to the reader. A comprehensive bibliography is ap-
pended. A valuable and absorbing addition to the book is written
by Harbert Davenport and concerns Panchita Alavez, the Angel
The book is attractively designed and printed; the paper is of
good quality. Typographical errors are unusually few.
PAT IRELAND NIXON
The Heraldry of the Range: Some Southwestern Brands. By J.
Evetts Haley. Canyon (The Panhandle Plains Historical So-
ciety) , 1949- Pp. 35. Illustrations. $5.00.
In this brief volume of thirty-five pages, J. Evetts Haley gathers
together a wealth of information about cattle brands in general
and some famous ranching enterprises in particular. The intro-
ductory chapter deals with the origin, varied sources, and sym-
bolism of the brands, as well as the significant role which they
have played in the life of the Southwest. Tribute is paid to the
intense loyalty of the cowboys to their outfits and brands. Haley
has high praise for the men of courage, character, and persever-
ance who established vast ranching enterprises and guided them
to hard-won success, the men whose brands were symbols of
integrity and high quality-"the shining heraldry of the range."
The chapters which follow present a graphic history of seven
great ranching enterprises of the Southwest, designated by their
brand names: the JA, established by Goodnight and Adair, the
first great brand on the Texas plains; the XIT, symbol of the
three-million-acre domain given by Texas to the Farwell Syndi-
cate of Chicago in return for the erection of the present capitol;
the Bells of New Mexico, made possible by grants of land to
Spanish-speaking Dons; the Matador V which still survives, thanks
to the honest effort and sagacity of its sturdy Scotch founders;
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 54, July 1950 - April, 1951. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101133/. Accessed June 19, 2013.