Southwestern Historical Quarterly
lieved the state was saturated with black slaves and that there was
danger of the South's becoming the Santo Domingo of North
America. The native "restrictionists" generally, and logically, as-
serted that slavery was not really profitable but that it gradually
impoverished both Southern soil and society. These men were not
incendiary, and they never attacked the ethics of slavery or the
morality of owners. As logical, and probably more honest, than
the defenders, they did use some of the same argumerits as North-
ern free-soilers. The rising tide of the emancipation crusade
stilled them. The number of native restrictionists, their distri-
bution in the states, their social and economic status (qne sus-
pects it was about the same as the defenders), and to what extent
anti-secessionists, submissionists, cooperationists, and reconstruc-
tionists drew membership from this group are all questions which
need further investigation. Slavery in Alabama provides a good
start for the researcher on this subject.
J. HORACE BASS
Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas
Folk Laughter on the American Frontier. By Mody C. Boatright.
New York (The Macmillan Company), 1949. Pp. vii+ 182.
With three copyrights preceding the one for this printing,
Folk Laughter on the American Frontier must have established
itself among the reading public that enjoys this kind of an
approach to the civilization of the frontier. In how many respects
this printing differs from preceding ones, I have not checked,
and in reading through this printing I was not wondering all
the time if this or that tale had appeared earlier.
In the acknowledgment the author and publishers state that
permission has been secured from thirty publishers to quote copy-
righted material from about forty titles. The table of contents
notes the arrangement of the stories under thirteen headings,
such as "A Whole Menagerie," "Manners and Men," "Loading the
Greenhorn," "The Art of Tall Lying," "The Stump," and "Free
Speech." The last heading, "Buoyant or Despairing?" confronts
the reader with the challenge to decide whether folk laughter was
merely an expression of buoyancy or an escape from despair.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 54, July 1950 - April, 1951. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101133/. Accessed November 26, 2014.