far as possible, rain should be made to soak in where it falls.
Such methods as these are much more effective than the building
of great dams that fill up with silt and become useless within
fifty or a hundred years.
Kardnkaway Country is history in an enlightened, broad sense,
for it deals with the relation between man and nature in a certain
place and over a definite period of time. In addition, it is natural
description and observation expressed in many a passage of de-
lightful prose. It is not surprising that Kardnkaway Country re-
ceived the $100o Collins Award for the best book of 1950 by a
WILSON M. HUDSON
The University of Texas
The Philosophy of Edmund Montgomery. By Morris T. Keeton.
Dallas (Southern Methodist University Press), 1950. Pp.
A companion book to the recently published biography of
Montgomery, by I. K. Stephens, this is a well documented, schol-
arly-work. Montgomery, of Scottish origin, was trained as a phy-
sician in France, Germany, and England, migrated to America
with his wife, Elisabet Ney, and settled in Texas in 1873. There
he carried on research in biology and developed his philosophy
of organism, which, in his day, was in opposition to the cell
theory as an explanation of the living process.
Mr. Keeton believes that Montgomery made a real contribu-
tion to biological theory and that he developed a respectable
epistemology, mind-body theory, and an ethics on the grounds
of his biological investigations. Montgomery was greatly con-
cerned with Cartesian dualism, causality (mainly through
Hume), and both materialism and idealism. Montgomery's ethics
is opposed to rank individualism and is based on the principle
that human beings are interdependent and that society can func-
tion properly only when the individuals are organically related.
In showing the relationship between mind and body, Montgom-
ery's philosophy suggests pragmatism; there seems to be no rela-
tionship, however, between his work and the development of the
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 55, July 1951 - April, 1952. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101139/. Accessed December 21, 2013.