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THE silver anniversary celebrations at Texas Techno-
logical College paid tribute to an event of great
significance to West Texas. The founding of the college
in 1923 marked the end of a long and interesting political
struggle which terminated with the college's creation by the
state legislature and Governor Pat Neff's approval.
In the days preceding the bill's passage, cool thinking did
not always prevail. Some West Texans believed they lived in
the "step-child" section of the state. To these men-lawyers and
newspapermen particularly-there was always the joint resolution
of Congress, passed in 1845, which they could use as an instru-
ment to settle their differences. That resolution, which brought
Texas into the union, declared that "New States, of convenient
size, not exceeding four in number.., and having sufficient popu-
lation, may hereafter, by the consent of said State [Texas], be
formed out of the territory thereof. .. "1 Strong medicine, in-
deed, would be the dose, if these men actually meant secession.
The battle for the college, then, seemed to be the culmination
of a festering grievance.
In West Texas the twentieth century was ushered in amidst
rising census figures and increased farm production. Conscious
of this growing importance in the Texas economy, civic and busi-
ness organizations often expressed the belief that a "first-rate
college" in the area was a necessity. Service clubs and citizens in
Lubbock, Sweetwater, Abilene, Spur, Amarillo, Colorado City,
San Angelo, and other West Texas communities supported pro-
posals for a regional college. A short time before the United
States entered World War I, these groups aroused legislators by
forming a West Texas A. and M. campaign committee. Its
1U. S. Statutes-at-Large (Charles C. Little and James Brown, Boston, 1850),
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 55, July 1951 - April, 1952. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101139/. Accessed December 8, 2013.