rke Atee-itierrez &xpeditioff
HARRY McCORRY HENDERSON
OR many years most of the histories of Texas have stated
that the Republican Army of the North or, as it is more
generally known, the Magee-Gutidrrez Expedition walked
into a trap set by Brigadier Joaquin de Arredondo, the Spanish
commander at the battle of the Medina on August 18, 1813, and
was destroyed. The purpose of this paper is to prove that this
statement is not true.
In order to lead up logically to the battle of the Medina, the
operations of the Republican Army of the North must be re-
viewed from the time of its initial organization.
Jos6 Bernardo Maximiliano Gutidrrez de Lara,x a revolutionist
agent from Mexico, came to Natchitoches, Louisiana, early in
1812. Here he met Lieutenant Augustus William Magee,2 artil-
lery officer, United States Army, who was then stationed at Fort
1Jos6 Bernardo Gutidrrez de Lara, a native of Nuevo Santander and a man of
property, had embraced revolutionary doctrines early, having aided in the revo-
lution against Spain in the northern provinces. He was thirty-seven years of age
when he came to the United States as an agent of the Mexican revolutionists.
Leaving Mexico on August 1, 1811, he came through Texas and went first to
Natchitoches, Louisiana, arriving there the middle of September, 1811. He visited
Washington, D. C., and New Orleans, before returning to Natchitoches. The
Americans received him well at all points.-Walter F. McCaleb, "The First Period
of the Gutidrrez-Magee Expedition," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical
Association, IV, 218-229; Charles Adams Gulick and others (eds.), The Papers of
Mirabeau B. Lamar (6 vols.; Austin [1921-1928]), I, 4-29; Julia Kathryn Garrett,
Green Flag Over Texas (New York, 1939), 34ff.; Henderson Yoakum, History of
Texas (2 vols.; New York, 1856), I, 151-156, 162-176; John Henry Brown, History
of Texas from z685 to 1892 (2 vols.; St. Louis, 1892), I, 55-63.
2Augustus William Magee was born in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1789; he grad-
uated, third in his class, from the United States Military Academy and was com-
missioned a second lieutenant of artillery on January 23, 18o9. He was recom-
mended for promotion to first lieutenant, but the promotion was turned down
by the secretary of war. He was stationed at Fort Jessup, near Natchitoches,
Louisiana, from 1809 to 1812 under the command of General James Wilkinson.
Magee was twenty-four years of age when he resigned from the army on June 22,
1812.--Ibid., 54; Yoakum, History of Texas, I, 155; Garrett, Green Flag, 140-142;
McCaleb, "Guti6rrez-Magee Expedition," Quarterly, IV, 22o.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 55, July 1951 - April, 1952. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101139/. Accessed January 29, 2015.