Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Dame, the Archives of Saint-Lazare, France, and the Archives of
the Society of Mary in Rome, in addition to the many records
found in Texas. Fifteen Louisiana and Texas newspapers are
also included in the extensive bibliography.
FRITZ L. HOFFMAN
University of Colorado
Heroes of the Saddle Bags. By Jesse Guy Smith. San Antonio
(Naylor Company), 1951. Pp. ix+227. $2.75.
Heroes of the Saddle Bags, by Jesse Guy Smith, is a faithful
and well-documented account of church activities in the colonial
period of Texas, which activities multiplied and strengthened
into vigorous denominational life in the days of the Texas Re-
public. The book serves the excellent purpose of bringing into
focus the contribution made by organized Christianity to the
basic moral structure of our country-a contribution frequently
overlooked by historians whose minds are more often than not
on the activities of the political and military pioneers.
The general background conditions pictured here do not re-
flect the wild and turbulent wickedness usually attributed to the
early Texas settlers. However much of that might come in later
years, the colonists themselves were a hand-picked people, chosen
for excellence of character and suitability for pioneering condi-
tions. They compared favorably with the people of those sections
of the United States from which they came. It is noted that one-
third of Austin's "Old Three Hundred" had Biblical names, not
counting the usual number of Johns, Jameses, and Thomases.
While the colonists were supposed to accept the Roman Cath-
olic faith in becoming citizens of Mexico, no great emphasis was
laid on this requirement, and the question was largely ignored.
Nevertheless, as early as 1823 Joseph Bays, a Baptist minister,
was arrested for violating the law that prohibited Protestant
preaching, and Stephen F. Austin, who was always careful about
keeping both the spirit and letter of his contracts, was continually
warning the Methodists who, not being able to worship God
quietly, aroused the general populace with their noisy and fanat-
The author lists Methodists, Baptists, Presbyterians, and Cath-
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 56, July 1952 - April, 1953. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101145/. Accessed January 27, 2015.