The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 57, July 1953 - April, 1954

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

are all listed in the footnote section under the division headed
"Notes to Sibley's Diary [October 12, 1825, to March 31, 1826]";
and footnotes numbered in the footnote section as 146, 152, and
153 do not have any reference notations in the text. Apparently
these notes were intended to introduce the various sections of the
book to which they refer. These faults of organization are not
minor; they materially affect the value of an otherwise useful
work. Since The Road to Santa Fe was primarily intended as a
source book and reference work, this reviewer believes the editor
and publishers should have taken sufficient pains with the chief
tools of research to prepare an adequate index, a correct table
of contents, and accurate footnoting.
SEYMOUR V. CONNOR
Doctors in Blue. By George Worthington Adams. New York
(Henry Schuman, Inc.), 1952. Pp. xii + 253. $4.00.
Military history throughout the ages has emphasized the con-
fusion always attendant upon rapid mobilization of nations, ma-
terially and psychologically unprepared for conflict. The Amer-
ican soldier of World War II introduced the simple but extreme-
ly pithy term snafu into the language-"situation normal, all
fouled up." The Union armies of the Civil War during the early
months of that prolonged and costly conflict were especially be-
set by problems of inertia, incompetence, and inefficiency at all
levels of command. The Army Medical Department was no
exception, and at the outbreak of hostilities in 1861 it found
itself deplorably unprepared. Dr. Adams' complete and exten-
sively documented narrative outlines the developments leading
to the eventual formation of a medical organization which was
outstandingly efficient in some respects and vastly improved in all.
There is vividly portrayed the unhappy lot of the mid-
nineteenth century soldier, subject to those diseases incident to the
crowded and unsanitary conditions of mobilization, poorly
housed and poorly fed, and treated by doctors not entirely free
of the ignorance and superstitions of the middle ages. Two out
of three fatalities resulted from disease. Yet even this appalling
fact reflected vast improvement over the Mexican War which
produced seven deaths from disease for every battle death. Due
credit is given to the United States Sanitary Commission for

152

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 57, July 1953 - April, 1954. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101152/. Accessed August 20, 2014.