The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 57, July 1953 - April, 1954

Relations of the Repblic of rezas
aid the Republi of the Rio ralde
DAVID M. VIGNESS
DURING the decade of the 183o's in Mexico's unhappy
political history, an arbitrary government came into
power. As a result of highhanded actions by that gov-
ernment, some groups in Mexico attempted secession. One of
these groups, Texas, was successful. Another group, the Republic
of the Rio Grande-a political combination in the departments
of Coahuila, Nuevo Le6n, and Tamaulipas-was not successful.
From its inception this inchoate republic pleaded for aid and
support from Texas to continue its struggle against the central
government, for it recognized that only with Texas' backing could
the hopes of the movement materialize. Texas unofficially con-
tributed to the movement in both men and materiel, as it was
felt that the establishment of the new republic would serve to
postpone reinvasion of Texas by Mexico. Yet Texas was striving
to gain from Mexico recognition of her independence and could
ill afford to irritate that country by officially supporting the
revolutionaries.
Though the Republic of the Rio Grande was not formally
established until January, 1840, its history began at least as early
as November 3, 1838, in Guerrero, Tamaulipas, when Antonio
Canales of Camargo issued a pronunciamiento against the central
government in favor of federalism. He managed minor military
and political successes at first, which led him to write to Pres-
ident Mirabeau B. Lamar of Texas on December 17, 1838, in-
forming him of the character and progress of his revolution. He
stated that the towns of the Rio Grande had all declared for the
federal system and that the revolution was enjoying great success;
therefore, he hoped (and here begin the relations) that the move-
ment would meet with the approval of the Republic of Texas
within a few days, for the steady advancement of the federalists
since November 3 signalized a continuing expansion of the revo-
lution. Perhaps as a gesture indicating the favorable situation of

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 57, July 1953 - April, 1954. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101152/. Accessed October 31, 2014.