The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 57, July 1953 - April, 1954

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

his career as a Union soldier serving in the South and Southwest
will have some definitely interesting points for historians of
these sections. Bell does not rank as a figure of first importance,
but his career, taking it for what it was, has been skillfully and
dependably related by the author. The book is attractively printed
and bound.
FULMER MOOD
The University of Texas
Fleur de Lys and Calumet. By Andre Penicaut. Translated from
French manuscripts and edited by Richebourg Gaillard
McWilliams. Baton Rouge (Louisiana State University
Press), 1953. Pp. xxvii+281. Illustrations. $4.00.
In 1698 Andre Penicaut, an eighteen year old youth of La
Rochelle, France, sailed for America as a ship carpenter in an
expedition under the command of the now famous D'Iberville. For
the next twenty-two years Penicaut was an eyewitness and a par-
ticipant in empire building in French Louisiana. His duties took
him over much of the area, for he traveled from Biloxi and
Mobile to Natchitoches, Natchez, and the Illinois country and
visited with Indian tribes and Canadians. He was acquainted
with such prominent men as D'Iberville, Bienville, St. Denis, and
Cadillac. Fortunately for historians of later years Penicaut, the
carpenter, was also a chronicler. In the form of annals he wrote
of the events, the country, and the people around him. Because
he was needed on expeditions to repair boats and after a few
years to serve as an interpreter of Indian languages, he enjoyed
many opportunities to witness events of importance.
The volume under review is the first English translation of
the full Penicaut narrative. This English edition is based upon
"microfilm reproductions of three contemporary manuscripts and
of a transcription of a fourth." Professor McWilliams deserves
commendation for an excellent job of editing. In numerous foot-
notes he clarifies for the reader many items, particularly place
names and locations.
This is a vivid account of French operations and of Indian
customs along the Mississippi River valley in the early eighteenth
century. It is interesting to note that Andre Pdnicaut, not unlike
the Anglo-American Puritans viewing their place in history, saw

414

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 57, July 1953 - April, 1954. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101152/. Accessed December 19, 2014.