The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 58, July 1954 - April, 1955

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

and always readable account of the industrial and agricultural
progress of the New South, its educational revival and religious
survival, its notable contributions to literature in marked con-
trast to the other arts, and its peculiar brand of politics. "The
Civil War freed the common white man to a greater degree than
the Negro," but industrialism, much vaunted by the New South
enthusiasts, was accompanied by a new feudalistic regime best
exemplified in the cotton mill towns. This volume presents a
most penetrating analysis and evaluation of that political phe-
nomenon, "the solid South," from its origin to the present, with
clear-cut vignettes of numerous politicians and rare statesmen
whose influence has reached far beyond their own section. The
author portrays impressively the changing South of the twentieth
century, its people as proud of expanding urban life "as they
once had been of the Old South with its plantations and man-
sions," and accepting "with its accustomed eagerness everything
in machines and investments Northerners offered." If such ben-
efits are evidence of a colonial status of the South in the nation,
decried by some historians, Mr. Simkins maintains nevertheless
that "the most worth-while events in the annals of the section ...
[since 1865] have been concerned with adjustments to the de-
mands of Northern progress." That the South in turn has deeply
influenced the nation, few historians have shown so clearly in a
sectional history.
This is a provocative book, as few histories turn out to be. The
facts are made available in orderly abundance. The interpretation
may be challenged on many counts. Mr. Simkins is quotable for
argumentation, but any open-minded debate which proceeds from
his text will begin with an intelligent illumination of the subject.
LESTER J. CAPPON
Institute of Early American
History and Culture
The Territorial Papers of the United States: The Territory of
Arkansas, 1819-1825. Compiled and edited by Clarence Ed-
win Carter. Washington (United States Government Print-
ing Office), Vol. XIX, 1953. Pp. 1003. Maps and index. $6.50.
The publication of the first volume in a projected series of
three pertaining to the Territory of Arkansas is of great interest

18o

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 58, July 1954 - April, 1955. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101158/. Accessed July 13, 2014.