The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 58, July 1954 - April, 1955

iook Keiews
RUDOLPH L. BIESELE, Editor
Refugio: A Comprehensive History of Refugio County From
Aboriginal Times to 1953. By Hobart Huson. Woodsboro,
Texas (The Rooke Foundation, Inc.), 1953. Volume I: Abo-
riginal to 1861. Pp. xvi+596. Appendix of seventeen pages
of photographs. $25.00 for the two volumes.
Without an index or bibliography the reader must rely on foot-
notes, but it is evident from them that voluminous material was
examined and much of it included in this, the first volume of a
proposed two-volume history of Refugio County, Texas. The au-
thor spent fifteen years in research to produce, in addition to the
purely local history of the county, the political history of the
Indian tribes indigenous to the Refugio area. There are also fairly
inclusive sections on the Irish Colony, Dimmitt's Garrison at Go-
liad, Colonel Fannin's Regiment and the Revolutionary War in
West Texas, and the beginnings of the Civil War in Western
Coastal and Insular Texas.
Volume I contains thirty-four chapters following a logical se-
quence from The Stage Setting, Aborigines, Early Explorers and
Colonization on through the Texas Revolution, the War With
Mexico, and into the beginning of the War Between the States.
Refugio County was one of the twenty-three original precincts
or counties of the Republic of Texas and its original territorial
limits were co-extensive with those of the Power and Hewetson
Irish Colony. Subsequent reductions to 1871 gave it its present
boundaries. The principal Indian tribes with which the history
of Refugio County is concerned are four in number, the Karan-
kawas, Lipans, Tonkawas, and Comanches. The conquest of the
Aztec empire by Cortez in 1519 brought the coast of Texas into
the Spanish pattern. The last of the Spanish missions to be estab-
lished in Texas was Nuestra Sefiora del Refugio, which was moved
into the limits of present-day Refugio County in 1794.
The Refugio Colony was settled during a critical and chaotic
period in the history of Mexico and Texas. The Refugio, San Pa-
tricio, Goliad, and Bexar areas bore the brunt of the brief but

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 58, July 1954 - April, 1955. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101158/. Accessed December 22, 2014.