The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 58, July 1954 - April, 1955

Book Reviews

stall the development of a northern railroad to the Pacific whose
eastern terminus would be Milwaukee? Was the antipathy to
Douglas wholly due to the outrage he had done to the "sacred"
Missouri Compromise, or was it, perhaps, because Salmon P.
Chase, Ohio corporation lawyer, feared the wealth of the Pacific
might be diverted down Douglas' south-bound Illinois railroads
which ended in New Orleans? These are questions which only
careful, perceptive, analytical scholarship applied to other regions
can resolve. Professor Malin has provided the model for such
studies. Perhaps if they can be made with the same insight, the
same high skepticism, and the same devotion to truth that Malin
has brought to the northwestern Missouri aspect of the Nebraska
question, the whole truth can yet be known.
WILLIAM B. HESSELTINE
University of Wisconsin
A History of the Southern Confederacy. By Clement Eaton. New
York (Macmillan Co.), 1954. Pp. ix+351. Bibliographical
notes and index. $5.50.
The historiography of a period is basically complete when the
primary evidence of letters, journals, and memoirs of its last and
leading actors has been collected and published and these docu-
ments interpreted by competent scholars in secondary volumes.
The Civil War is in that final and "what-the-historians-say"
phase. Future students will continue the inquiry and rewrite the
account occasionally from new prospectives and illuminating new
data from manuscript and monograph, but they are not likely to
revise radically the established judgments. They will, rather, ex-
plore what they consider the more complex and obscure areas and
arrange the text in accordance with individual style, evaluations,
and emphases. Such a modern, mature, and integrated volume is
the contribution of Professor Eaton, Department of History, Uni-
versity of Kentucky.
This new scholar intends to detail the cataclysmic impact of a
losing war upon a whole people, the dislocation of society and
economy, the traumatic effect upon minds and spirits, and the
tragic destruction of the "seed corn" of the future. Others have
aimed to stay behind the lines and treat the Confederacy from
the viewpoint of civilian society and economy, but, because the

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 58, July 1954 - April, 1955. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101158/. Accessed July 23, 2014.