The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 58, July 1954 - April, 1955

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

Press is sending the third volume of the Western Frontier Library
into the world, that is, into the hands of anxious readers, old and
young, and onto the shelves of libraries, especially in our great
Southwest. The jacket announces that the first volume in the
series is The Vigilantes of Montana, by Thomas J. Dimsdale,
and that the second volume is The Banditt of the Plains, by A. S.
Mercer. Other books-eighty-seven in all-are listed on the inside
of the jacket and are classified under three heads.
Billy the Kid was William H. Bonney. He was born in New
York on November 23, 1859, and was shot by Pat F. Garrett, the
sheriff of Lincoln County, New Mexico, on July 14, 1881. There
is some doubt about how many men Billy the Kid shot. The
number generally given is twenty-one, not including Indians and
Mexicans, but Dykes, the editor, fixes the number at seven in all.
This, the fifth edition of Garrett's book, clearly attests the in-
terest of readers in the book. The first edition appeared in 1882
at Santa Fe, had 137 pages, and was illustrated. The present
edition has 156 pages of story and six illustrations. Its principal
new feature is an introduction of eighteen pages by J. C. Dykes
which forms interesting reading in advance of the story.
RUDOLPH L. BIESELE
The University of Texas
The Buffalo Hunters. By Mari Sandoz. New York (Hastings
House), 1954. Pp. xii+372. Illustrations and maps. $4.50.
One of the dramatic episodes of the West, the slaughter of the
great buffalo herds for their hides, has been the subject of fre-
quent controversy. Sentimentalists have lamented the vast waste
of meat and the near extermination of a game animal of almost
majestic appearance if often stupid behavior. Yet this clearing
of the Great Plains was a necessary prelude to white settlement.
General Phil Sheridan made this evident to Texas legislators
when they threatened to outlaw the hide hunters as those of sev-
eral states already had done. He told the solons that, instead, they
should give each of the hunters a medal with a dead buffalo
depicted on one side and a discouraged Indian on the other.
"These men have done more in the last two years to settle the
vexed Indian question than the entire regular Army has done in
the last thirty years. They are destroying the Indians' commissary.

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 58, July 1954 - April, 1955. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101158/. Accessed November 26, 2014.