4ilitarq AIiatiou i eas,
WILLIAM C. POOL
THE HISTORICAL CONTINUITY of the development of mili-
tary aviation in Texas, which had been interrupted by
the removal of the Signal Corps Aviation School from
Fort Sam Houston in the early summer of 1911, was resumed in
February, 1913, when the tense relations that existed between
the United States and Mexico necessitated the return of the
aviation detachment then at Barnes farm near Augusta, Georgia.
Prior to the assassination of President Francisco I. Madero of
Mexico on February 23, 1913, President William Howard Taft
had ordered a troop mobilization along the north bank of the
Rio Grande to discourage any revolutionaries in Mexico with
designs on the lives and property of Americans living on both
sides of the border. As a result of this partial mobilization, about
seven thousand United States soldiers were quartered in the
Galveston-Texas City area by March 1, 1913. These troops be-
longed to the 2nd Division of the "unorganized United States
Army," commanded by Major General William O. Carter. By
March 3 the number of troops in the Galveston vicinity had in-
creased to ten thousand.'
TEXAS CITY, 1913
Believing that air-ground cooperation remained "a cardinal
principle heretofore not fully recognized," the Chief Signal Officer
was anxious to utilize his aviation detachment under field condi-
tions. Accordingly, Captain Frank B. Hennessy was sent from
College Park, Maryland, to Texas City in advance of the Augusta
flyers to select a suitable camp site, preferably on the water front
so that seaplane instruction might be given.2 The Augusta detach-
'Galveston News, March i and 3, 1913.
2Aviation Notebook, 1913 (MSS., Archives, Library of the Air University, Maxwell
Air Force Base, Alabama), citing National Archives, Signal Corps Document No.
32463, Progress Report of the Chief Signal Officer, 1913. Hereinafter cited as
Aviation Notebook, followed by the year or volume.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 59, July 1955 - April, 1956. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101162/. Accessed March 8, 2014.