Notes and Documents
Official 7ags of the A2epublic of Ze xa
L. W. KEMP
HIS REVIEW of the official flags of the Republic of Texas
does not take into consideration, but leaves for subse-
quent treatment, the recounting of the unofficial flags
presented to various units of the Army of Texas by civilians.
COMMITTEE APPOINTED TO DEVISE A FLAG
The Texan Declaration of Independence was promulgated on
March 2, 1836, by the constitutional convention held at the town
of Washington-on-the-Brazos. On the next day on motion of
Thomas J. Gazley a committee of five was appointed to devise a
suitable flag for the Republic. President Richard Ellis appointed
on the committee Gazley, William B. Scates, Lorenzo de Zavala,
Sterling C. Robertson, and Thomas Barnett. On motion of Gen-
eral Sam Houston, President Ellis' name was added.
FIRST FLAG DESIGNED BY DE ZAVALA
On March 11, the convention accepted a flag designed by
Lorenzo de Zavala.
FLAG DESIGN AMENDED
On March 12, on motion of Scates, "the Rainbow and Star of
five points above the western horizon; and the star of six points
sinking below, was added to the flag of Mr. Zavala accepted on
Friday (the eleventh) last."2
It is unfortunate that the flag designed by De Zavala amended
by Scates was not described in more detail in the minutes of the
convention. It is doubtful whether the flag was ever made.
THE CABINET PAUSES AT "GROCE'S RETREAT" AND ABRAM ROBERTS
Believing to be true an unfounded rumor that a column of the
enemy was not far from and rapidly approaching Washington, the
convention decided to form an ad interim government with
1H. P. N. Gammel (comp.), The Laws of Texas (io vols.; Austin, 1898), I, 841.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 59, July 1955 - April, 1956. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101162/. Accessed July 6, 2015.