The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 59, July 1955 - April, 1956

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

The Mission of San Francisco de la Espada, four leagues.
The Presidio of La Bahia del Espiritu Santo, at forty leagues
distance from the capital.
The Mission of Nuestra Sefiora del Rosario, one and one-half
leagues.
The Mission of Nuestra Sefiora del Refugio, ten leagues.
The village of Nacogdoches, two hundred [leagues] from
the capital.?
San Antonio de Bexdtr, August so, 1804.
Juan Bauta de Elguezabal
(rubric)
The Province of Texas and its jurisdiction: conclusions, based
upon the best available knowledge and understanding and drawn
up in the following manner, are now being submitted to the
Sefior Comandante General for the enlightenment of the Royal
Tribunal of the Consulado of Veracruz.
Part One: Geography
Area:8 This Province is bounded by the coast of the Ocean Sea
and the Gulf of Mexico from the Southeast to the mouth
of the Nueces River, [thence] to the North and a quarter
Northeast,9 by the boundaries of the colonies of New San-
tander, Coahuila, and New Mexico, and from the last-
named point toward the East until the line falls off again
upon the aforesaid coast with the boundary of Louisiana,
[the area] recently ceded to the United States of America.
However, since the line separating that last from it [Texas]
has not yet been determined, and since there is no infor-
mation upon its [boundaries] with the three first-men-
tioned ones, it is impossible to determine or even estimate
the number of square leagues contained therein.
Total population: 4051 souls.'0
7For information concerning these, see the entries under the names given in
W. P. Webb and H. Bailey Carroll (eds.), Handbook of Texas (2 vols.; Austin,
1952).
SThe question, according to Governor Bonavi, was: "Area (figure the Province's
total extent in square leagues) ." "Relaciones," 92.
9The exact phrase was "hasta el Norte quarto Nordeste," or N E by N. For a
discussion of Spanish sailing directions or compass points, see Samuel Eliot Morison,
Admiral of the Ocean Sea (2 vols.; Boston, 1942), I, 211-223.
1oHubert Howe Bancroft, History of the North Mexican States and Texas (2 vols.;

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 59, July 1955 - April, 1956. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101162/. Accessed March 31, 2015.