Among the graduates of West Point in June of 1881 was
Enoch H. Crowder who. was assigned to duty with the Eighth
Cavalry at Fort Brown, Brownsville, Texas. He remained there
until July, 1884. Except for the prevalence of such animals as
rattlesnakes, centipedes, tarantulas, and yellow fever, Fort Brown
was an excellent assignment.
Lieutenant Crowder was given quarters with Dr. William
Crawford Gorgas who had been sent to help with the yellow
fever epidemic raging on both sides of the Rio Grande. They
became life long friends. Although there was much social ac-
tivity and outdoor sports such as hunting and fishing, the lieu-
tenant found time to study the branches of the services and
to read widely. Becoming interested in law he began an intensive
study of both military and civil law. Under the guidance of
J. B. Wells of the Brownsville bar, Crowder succeeded in be-
coming a licensed attorney to practice in the courts of Texas.
Later he was enrolled as an attorney and counselor at law and
solicitor in chancery in the Circuit Court of the United States
for the Western District of Texas at Brownsville.
Lieutenant Crowder's career in Texas is recounted in Chapter
III of a well written volume entitled Enoch H. Crowder, Soldier,
Lawyer and Statesman, 1859-1932, by David A. Locksmith, presi-
dent of Chattanooga University, and published as volume XXVII
of The University of Missouri Studies.
Since Lieutenant Crowder went on to become a judge advo-
cate, served in the Spanish-American War, was the father of
Universal Selective Service in the First World War, served on
many special assignments under Presidents Theodore Roosevelt
and William Howard 'Taft, and was elected as ambassador to
Cuba in 1921, it is of some interest to Texas that he served his
apprenticeship at Fort Brown. CORAL H. TULLIS
The University of Texas
In Crisis in Coastal Shipping: The Atlantic-Gulf Case, Dr.
John L. Hazard states that of the three types of American water
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 60, July 1956 - April, 1957. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101163/. Accessed September 1, 2015.