Southwestern Historical Quarterly
dition arose. The twenty or thirty settlers near Red River who
became Mexican citizens continued to act like subjects of Ar-
kansas Territory and the United States. They even served on
Arkansas circuit court juries. Later at Arkansas tax-collecting
time they were to claim Mexican citizenship and Arkansas citizen-
ship when such status was a prerequisite for borrowing from
In the area where Arkansas meets Texas, the boundary con-
fusion and Red River tended to make a single historic fabric out
of many diverse threads. Eventually Miller County, Arkansas,
and Bowie County, Texas, were written up in a single volume of
local history. The comic post card seen about Texarkana, which
shows a donkey in one state and his master in the other, is a
momento of a common origin.
TED R. WORLEY
Arkansas History Commission
Pioneering in Big Business, 1882-1g11. By Ralph W. Hidy and
Muriel E. Hidy. New York (Harper & Brothers), 1955. Pp.
xxx+839. Illustrations, maps, tables, notes, index. $7.50.
A decade ago The Business History Foundation, Inc., was
organized in New York to conduct research and to facilitate publi-
cation in the field of business history. Both research and publica-
tion were almost immediately facilitated by a grant in excess of
a half million dollars by the Standard Oil Company (New Jersey),
which decided that it had reached that stage in business life that
it wanted its story investigated and told by qualified scholars who
would have access to records without restriction.
Now comes the first tangible result of that more than substan-
tial gift-an account of the rise of the Standard Oil Company
from the time it was organized as a trust until the Supreme Court
ordered its dissolution in 1911. It is a story of tremendous achieve-
ment, especially by a continuing corps of able administrators who
for sheer magnitude of operating theater make most of the Pres-
idents of the period look pigmy-size by comparison.
From a purely Southwestern standpoint the book does not
contribute too much to our knowledge of the petroleum industry,
which is no fault of the authors. Rather, it is the fault of the time
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 60, July 1956 - April, 1957. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101163/. Accessed December 25, 2014.