The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 60, July 1956 - April, 1957

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

the Supreme Court in many of the cases of this period answered
that challenge by emphasizing nationalism as a feature of our
federal union.
Perhaps the case most significant in this respect is Texas vs.
White. This case related to the sale of United States government
bonds by the secession government of Texas to help finance the
Civil War. Later, it was claimed that the disposition of the bonds
was illegal and they were still the property of the state. The
decision turned on the question of the status of the state of
Texas during secession and the period of the Confederacy, and
that question, in turn, was based on the nature of the federal
union. The Supreme Court held that Texas was legally a state in
the Union during the Civil War and had never been legally out
of the Union. "The Constitution," said Chief Justice Chase, "in
all its provisions, looks to an indestructible union composed of
indestructible states." When Texas entered the Union "she entered
into an indissoluble relation," continued the Chief Justice.
The selections used in the last section of the book highlight
the modern questions related to the use and abuse of power, and
the role of the court in answering those questions. They show
the Supreme Court as the guardian of personal liberties and the
border-line questions that the Court is called upon to answer in
the conflict between liberty and authority. The text ends with
Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka and the Court's decision
on segregation in the public schools.
Professor Williams has made a real contribution to the studies
of the Supreme Court. Some may quarrel with his selection of
cases, but few can deny that he has chosen outstanding opinions
from significant cases which have been extremely influential in
shaping American government and constitutional law through-
out our history. I recommend the book to all readers.
J. WILLIAM DAVIS
Texas Technological College
An Economic Survey of Killeen, Texas. By John R. Stockton,
Olin A. Hardwick, Jr., and Alfred G. Dale. Austin (Bureau
of Business Research), 1954. Pp. vii+44. Maps, charts, and
statistical appendices.
This report is based upon the study of the resources and indus-

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 60, July 1956 - April, 1957. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101163/. Accessed April 19, 2014.