A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SOILS OF TEXAS
A. EAST TEXAS TIMBER COUNTRY (including East Cross Timbers): Total Area-26 million acres
Soils - Light colored, acid sandy loams and sands. Main series: Bowie, Norfolk, Ruston, Kirvin,
Nacogdoches, Boswell, Lufkin, Lakeland.
Vegetation - Loblolly and shortleaf pine and oaks.
Land Use - Timber, pasture, truck crops.
Soils - Dark colored, acid sandy loams and clays. Main series: Bibb, Iuka, Ochlockonee.
Vegetation - Bottomland hardwoods.
Land Use - Pasture, meadow, timber.
B. GULF COAST PRAIRIE: Total Area-8 million acres
Soils - Dark colored, black to gray clays, some sandy loams, (acid east of Trinity River).
Main Series: Lake Charles, Beaumont, Harris, Hockley, Katy, Edna.
Vegetation - Tall bunch grasses.
Land Use - Pisture, rice, cotton.
C. BLACKLAND PRAIRIE: Total Area-11 million acres
Soils - Dark colored, limy, crumbly clays. Main series: Houston, Hunt, Bell6 Austin, Lewisville.
Vegetation - Tall prairie grasses.
Land Use - Cotton, small grains, corn, pasture.
Gray Prairie (mixed land)
Soils - Light colored, acid loams and clays. Main series: Wilson, Crockett, Irving.
Vegetation - Tall prairie grasses, some oaks.
Land Use - Pasture, cotton, corn.
Soils - Dark colored, limy clays. Main series: Trinity, Catalpa, Kaufman.
Vegetation - Bottomland hardwoods.
Land Use - Cotton, pasture, corn.
D. GRAND PRAIRIE: Total Area-7 million acres
Soils - Dark colored, liny, crumbly, stony clays. Main series: San Saba, Denton, Crawford,
Vegetation - Tall prairie grasses, some live oak, cedar.
Land Use - Small grains, pasture, range, corn, sorghums, cotton.
E. WEST CROSS TIMBERS: Total Area-7 million acres
Soils - Light colored, slightly acid sandy loams and sands. Main series: Windthorst, Nimrod,
Stephenville, Darnell, May.
Vegetation - Tall and short grasses, scrub oak.
Land Use , Range, pasture, peanuts, peaches, grain sorghum.
F. CENTRAL BASIN: Total Area-2 million acres
Soils - Reddish, non-limy, stony sandy loams. Main Series: Tishomingo, Harley, Pontotoc,
Vegetation - Mesquite trees, live oak, post oak, mixed grasses.
Land Use - Range, grain sorghums, small grains.
G. RIO GRANDE PLAIN: Total Area-22 million acres
Soils - Dark soils: Black, limy clays. Main series: Victoria, Monteola.
Red soils: Non-limy, reddish sandy loams. Main series: Duval, Webb.
Grayish-brown soils: Non-acid, deep crumbly clay loams and sandy loams. Main Series:
-lidalgo, Willacy, Brennan.
Loose sands: Mainly Nueces series.
Vegetation - Grasses, mesquite and other shrubs, mostly thorny.
Land Use - Range, pasture, citrus, commercial vegetables, cotton, sorghums, corn.
H. EDWARDS PLATEAU: Total Area-221A million acres
Soils - Mostly dark, limy, stony clays. Main series: Tarrant, Valera, Ector,
Vegetation - Cedars, live oak, shin oak, mesquite trees, short grasses.
Land Use - Mostly range for beef cattle, sheep, and goats.
I. ROLLING PLAINS: Total Area-24% million acres
Soils - Dark brown to red, limy clays and loams. Main series: Abilene, Miles, Foard, Valera,
Vegetation - Short grasses and bunch grasses.
Land Use - Range, cotton, grain sorghum, small grains.
J. HIGH PLAINS: Total Area-21 million acres
Soils - Brown or red, non-limy sands, sandy loams, and clay 1oams. Main series: Amarillo, Pullman
Mansker, potter, Tivoli, Brownfield.
Vegetation - Short grasses.
Land Use - Wheat, cotton, grain sorghums, pasture, Irish potatoes, range.
K. MOUNTAINS AND BASINS: Total Area-17 million acres
Soils - Light colored, limy stony sands and clays. Main series: Reeves, Reagan, Verhalen,
Brewster, Ector, Rough stony land.
Vegetation - Short grass, desert shrubs.
Land Use - Range; under irrigation, cotton, alfalfa, sorghums, cantaloupes.
Cooperative Extension Work in Agriculture and Home Economics, The Texas A. & M. College System
and the United States Department of Agriculture cooperating. Distributed in furtherance of the
Acts of Congress of May 8, 1914, as amended, and June 30, 1914.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 61, July 1957 - April, 1958. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101164/. Accessed April 19, 2014.