The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 61, July 1957 - April, 1958

VOL. LXI JANUARY, 1958 No. 3

Zhe Oil Adustr i ZTexas sine
Pearl 1-larbor
HE IMPACT of Pearl Harbor on the oil industry of Texas
was as pronounced and as far reaching as the outbreak
of hostilities was on the youth of the state. The change
from a nation at peace to one at war was instantaneous, and it
brought with it a necessity for the immediate revamping of all
branches of the oil industry. Maximum production had to be
established and maintained with the minimum expenditure of
steel and highly skilled manpower. Such production had to be
moved efficiently and with the least possibility of loss to refining
centers. Refinery output had to be adjusted radically, and the
production of aviation gasoline, of aviation lubricants capable of
successful use in any climate, and of tolulene, butadiene, and
other highly specialized products took priority over the then less
essential products normally required more in peace time.
On December 23, 1941, the Office of Production Management,
on the specific recommendation of the Office of the Petroleum
Coordinator, issued General Preference Order M-68. This order
was the first of many which affected directly the entire oil in-
dustry, but all were calculated to assure an ample supply of
petroleum products to the armed forces of the government and
to industry behind those forces.
Immediate plans were developed for the rapid and safe trans-
portation of more oil and products by pipeline to mid-continent
and eastern refining centers, and construction work was started
under the supervision of the most skilled pipeline men. The first
project completed permitted the movement in December, 1942,
of approximately twenty-five thousand barrels of gasoline per day

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 61, July 1957 - April, 1958. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed September 21, 2014.